Case Notes ... just the facts


Major on-line sources for this tree were and The former is free. The latter is a paid subscription site, but available for free use in many libraries. The site was a source for much of the Tulip family information and photographs, and for finding graves of many other relatives.

Newspaper clippings, photographs, documents, biographies, and written notes on the families came from siblings and from other relatives. Information sources are generally noted in the family tree, but most of the photographs do not indicate their source.

Kim Baldacchino's Estall family tree and emails were seminal in tracing Bessie (nee Estall/Estelle) Schutze's ancestors in England. Doug Boylan's McCrie family tree and emails opened up three more generations of William McCrie's family in Scotland.

Many Bartlett ancestors were imported from the Bartlett Family Tree built by James Peter Bartlett, Jr.

Where possible, family information was obtained from documented sources, such as from censuses, city directories, vital records, immigration records, military records, recollections from reliable family members, etc. If those sources were exhausted or non-existent, Family Trees on or other web sites were used, with an attempt at corroboration with existing reliable information. In cases where there is uncertainty, notes to that effect are included in the individual's database record.


Photographs and historical documents were scanned at high resolution so they could be downloaded by visitors to the genealogy web site. Documents of living individuals (birth certificates, for example), should not be downloaded, and the site is password protected to prevent privacy abuse.

A GEDCOM file can be downloaded from the web site. Copies of the database or photographs can be mailed on DVDs to those requesting them.

History's Mysteries

What the Dickens? Bessie Schutze (nee Estall) grew up in London's notoriously poor, over-crowded, crime-ridden East End. She and her sister emigrated from London to Canada through a relief organization founded by Annie MacPherson, a Quaker. The story of MacPherson's organization reads like a Dickens novel. It is recounted in the book "The Golden Bridge: Young Immigrants to Canada, 1833-1939" by Marjorie Kohli, available for free viewing on Google Books. Annie's story begins on page 86, and the home where Bessie Estall/Estelle moved to in Canada is profiled on page 103.

That sinking feeling? John Groundwater (1872-1913) died in the "Great Blow" on Lake Huron. A Detroit News account of the storm mentioning John and the mystery of his life vest is at the Detroit News web site. James Matthew McCrie went down with the Titanic in 1912. More information is at the Encyclopedia Titanica website.

Kissing cousins? The Schutze and Schrotzberger families are so intertwined by marriage (Herman Schuetze married two Schrotzberger sisters and the Estall/Estelle sisters married into the Schutze and Schrotzberger families) that this Gordian Knot is hard to untie. Similarly, since Milton Grow married Frieda Bieri (both second marriages), the Bartletts and Ehrlichs (Cherie's grandparents on her mother's and father's sides) have at least one common cousin and a few "related by marriage" entanglements.

Cussing cousins? Josiah Bartlett signed the Declaration of Independence, but alas, he was only a distant cousin, not a direct ancestor of the modern-day Bartlett family. In a fit of pique, the family is looking into establishing an offshoot of the DAR—the CAR, or Cousins of the American Revolution.

Names changed to protect the innocent?

McCree to McCrie. William was born a McCree in Scotland in 1803 and died a McCrie in Canada in 1882.

Schütze to Schuetze to Schutze. Schütze, a German name meaning archer, shooter, protector, or army private, was Anglicized to Schuetze for most German immigrants. Herman, born a Schuetze in Detroit in 1897, changed his name to Schutze before he passed the surname to his children. Considering how hard it is to type an umlauted "u" on keyboards, we're grateful.

Estall to Estelle. Bessie and Lillian (baptized Betsy and Susan, respectively) transitioned from Estall to Estelle upon arrival in Canada from England. With both first and last names changed over the years (and that before taking on new married names), they reinvented themselves with every milestone, making it a bit difficult to follow their trails.

Detroit addresses. If you look at U.S. censuses from the 1920s and before, you may not recognize the neighborhoods where our ancestors hitched their horses. That's because Detroit street names and numbers changed in the early 1900s. All is not lost (so to speak) ... tables at Steve Morse's Obtaining Street Name Changes in One Step web site help translate old addresses to current ones.

Writing on the wall

Bill and Greta McCrie's contributions to the St. Andrews Society of Detroit are recounted in a history of that organization at the Detroit Scots web site. Easier to read is the short article in 1958's Grosse Pointe News.

Leonard Schutze wrote about his work in an article, Determination of Flow Over Niagara Falls, in the March 1966 edition of the U. S. Lake Survey Bulletin (pages 1-7).

James Schutze did the same in an article, Managing Knowledge in the Comptroller Community, in the Winter 2001 edition of the American Society of Military Comptrollers's Armed Forces Comptroller.

Men-in-Arms (and Women, too)

Hugh Locker served in Korea, David Locker in Vietnam, Matthew Schutze in Iraq, Thomas Hutchings (Bessie Estall's brother) served in Egypt in the early 1900's, Peter and John Bartlett served in the Atlantic during the Korean War, and Jessie Livingstone served as an Army nurse during World War II.

Other sources

"The History of Detroit and Michigan, or, The Metropolis Illustrated" by Silas Farmer, 1884, provides not only an extensive history of Detroit but also many drawings of historic buildings from the late 19th century.